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Open Access Molecular structure, DFT studies and Hirshfeld analysis of anthracenyl chalcone derivatives

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The molecular and crystal structure of two new chalcone derivatives, (E)-1-(anthracen-9-yl)-3-[4-(piperidin-1-yl)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one, C28H25NO, (I), and (E)-1-(anthracen-9-yl)-3-[4-(diphenylamino)phenyl]prop-2-en-1-one, C35H25NO, (II), with the fused-ring system at the same position are described. In the crystals of (I) and (II), the molecules are linked via C—H...O hydrogen bonds into inversion dimers, forming R22(22) and R22(14) ring motifs, respectively. Weak intermolecular C—H...π interactions further help to stabilize the crystal structure, forming a two-dimensional architecture. The molecular structures are optimized using density functional theory (DFT) at B3LYP/6–311 G++(d,p) level and compared with the experimental results. The smallest HOMO–LUMO energy gaps of (I) (exp . 2.76 eV and DFT 3.40 eV) and (II) (exp . 2.70 eV and DFT 3.28 eV) indicates the suitability of these crystals in optoelectronic applications. All intermolecular contacts and weaker contributions involved in the supramolecular stabilization are investigated using Hirshfeld surface analysis. The molecular electrostatic potential (MEP) further identifies the positive, negative and neutral electrostatic potential regions of the molecules.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: X-ray Crystallography Unit, School of Physics, Universiti Sains Malaysia, 11800 USM, Penang, Malaysia

Publication date: January 1, 2018

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