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Open Access On Movement of Emergency Services amidst Urban Traffic

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Managing traffic in urban areas is a complex affair. The same becomes more challenging when one needs to take into account the prioritized movement of emergency vehicles along with the normal flow of traffic. Although, mechanisms have been proposed to model intelligent traffic management systems, a concentrated effort to facilitate the movement of emergency services amongst urban traffic is yet to be formalized. This paper proposes a distributed multi-agent based mechanism to create partial green corridors for the movement of emergency service vehicles such as ambulances, fire brigade and police vans, amidst urban traffic. The proposed approach makes se of a digital network of traffic signal nodes equipped with traffic sensors and an agent framework to autonomously extend, maintain and manage partial green corridors for such emergency vehicles. The approach was emulated using Tartarus, an agent framework over a LAN. The results gathered under varying traffic conditions and also several emergency vehicles, validate the performance of this approach and its effects on the movement of normal traffic. Comparisons with the non-prioritized and full green corridor approaches indicate that the proposed partial corridor approach outperforms the rest.
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039, Assam, INDIA 2: Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Guwahati, Guwahati-781039, Assam, INDIA; [email protected]

Publication date: January 1, 2015

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