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Open Access Equilíbrio, coordenação e agilidade de idosos submetidos à prática de exercícios físicos resistidos Balance, coordination and agility of older individuals submitted to physical resisted exercises practice

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OBJETIVOS: Avaliar o equilíbrio, a coordenação e a agilidade dos idosos submetidos a exercícios físicos. MÉTODOS: 61 idosos do gênero masculino, com idades entre os 60-75 anos, designados aleatoriamente para um grupo de exercícios resistidos com carga progressiva (n=39) ou para um controle submetido a exercícios sem carga (n=22). O grupo exercício resistido participou de um programa de 24 semanas, com 3 visitas por semana, em dias não consecutivos. Foram avaliados após o término do treinamento, pela Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg, do Teste de Tinetti e do Timed UP & GO. RESULTADOS: Comparando-se os dois grupos verificou-se um melhor desempenho estatisticamente significativo para o grupo experimental em relação ao controle para os testes Timed "Up & Go". (p=0,02) e para o Tinetti Total (p=0.046) e para o Tinetti marcha (p=0.029). Desta forma, não encontramos diferença na Escala de Equilíbrio de Berg e no teste de Tinetti equilíbrio. CONCLUSÃO: O programa de treinamento de força durante 24 semanas mostrou-se favorável na melhora dos desempenhos funcional e motores de idosos.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate balance, coordination and agility of older subjects submitted to physical exercise. METHODS: 61 male older subjects, aged between 60-75 years, randomly assigned to a resisted exercises with gradual load (n=39) group or to a control group submitted to exercise without load (n=22). The resisted exercise group participated in a 24 week-program, with 3 weekly visits, in not consecutive days. After the training ending, they were evaluated through the Berg Balance Scale and the Tinetti and Timed UP & GO tests. RESULTS: Comparing the two groups, better statistical significant performance was verified for the experimental group for the Timed "Up & Go" (p=0.02), for the Total Tinetti (p=0.046) and for the Tinetti gait tests (p=0.029). Therefore, we did not find difference in the Berg Balance Scale or in the Tinetti balance test. CONCLUSION: The strength training program during 24 weeks behaved favorable in improving functional and motor performance of older subjects.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2008

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