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Open Access Carbon Stocks in Mangrove Ecosystems of Musi and Banyuasin Estuarine, South Sumatra Province (Stok Karbon Ekosistem Mangrove di Estuarin Musi dan Banyuasin, Provinsi Sumatera Selatan)

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Hutan mangrove di daerah estuari mampu menghasilkan stok karbon yang sangat besar sebagai daerah perlindungan dan pemulihan yang efektif sebagai strategi mitigasi perubahan iklim yang efektif. Pemilihan ekosistem pesisir dalam strategi mitigasi memerlukan kuantifikasi stok karbon untuk menghitung emisi atau penyerapan berdasarkan waktu. Penelitian ini menghitung stok karbon pada ekosistem Musi Estuari Waters (MEW) dan Banyuasin Estuari Water (BEW), Provinsi Sumatera Selatan pada tipe vegetasi yang berbeda dan hubungan variabel lingkungan dengan stok karbon. Di tujuh lokasi dalam MEW dan BEW sampel vegetasi dan tanah. Hasil yang didapatkan adalah nilai yang lebih tinggi dari stok karbon di vegetasi dari lokasi III/MEW (7.600,92 mg.ha-1), stok karbon dalam tanah dari lokasi II/MEW (61.081,87 mg.ha-1) dan stok karbon di ekosistem dari lokasi II (64.548,54 mg.ha-1). Mangrove A. marina merupakan yang paling baik menyimpan stok carbon termasuk antara vegetasi dan tanah karena toleransi salinitas yang rendah. Kata kunci: mangrove, karbon, estuari, Musi, Banyuasin Mangrove forests in estuarines can have exceptionally large carbon stocks and their protection and restoration would constitute an effective mitigation strategy to climate change. Inclusion of coastal ecosystems in mitigation strategies require quantification of carbon stocks in order to calculate emissions or sequestration through time. This study quantified the ecosystem carbon stocks of the Musi Estuarine Waters (MEW) and Banyuasin Estuarine Water (BEW), Province of South Sumatra into different vegetation types and examined relationships of environmental variables with carbon stocks. At seven sites within MEW and BEW of vegetation and soil samples. The results that the higher value of carbon stock in vegetation from Site III/MEW (7.600,92 mg.ha-1), the carbon stock in soil from Site II/MEW (61.081,87 mg.ha-1) and carbon stock in ecosystem from Site II (64.548,54 mg.ha-1). Mangrove of A. marina the best to explain carbon stocks included both vegetation and soil because they can tolerate lower salinity. Keywords: mangrove, carbon, estuarine, Musi, Banyuasin
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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Marine Science, Faculty of Mathematic and Natural Science , Sriwijaya University Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih KM 32 Indralaya-OI 30662 Indonesia. 2: Mathematic and Natural Science , Sriwijaya University Jl. Raya Palembang-Prabumulih KM 32 Indralaya-OI 30662 Indonesia.

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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