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Open Access Resistência de genótipos de batata a Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) Resistance of potato genotypes to by the potato tuber moth Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller)

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A traça Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) é considerada atualmente uma das principais pragas da batata. O uso de resistência varietal para controle desse inseto é uma alternativa promissora, mas que ainda precisa ser melhor pesquisada. A resistência de genótipos de batata à traça foi avaliada, em condições de laboratório, analisando-se o efeito de folhas e tubérculos sobre a biologia do inseto. Comparou-se também o desenvolvimento da traça em folhas de batata e tomate. Os experimentos foram conduzidos com os clones de batata NYL 235-4 e N 140-201 (ambos com tricomas glandulares tipo A nas folhas), as cultivares Aracy, Apuã e Itararé e a cultivar de tomate Santa Clara. Os insetos foram criados em folíolos e tubérculos dos genótipos, avaliando-se a duração e a viabilidade das fases larval e pupal e o peso de pupas. O desenvolvimento do inseto não foi afetado nas folhas dos genótipos de batata, mesmo nos materiais com tricomas glandulares. Entretanto, em folhas de tomate houve aumento do período larval e diminuição do peso de pupas, sendo este substrato menos favorável ao desenvolvimento da traça quando comparado às folhas de batata. Em testes com tubérculos, o clone NYL 235-4 apresentou resistência a P. operculella, provocando redução significativa na viabilidade larval e alongamento desta fase. O clone N 140-201 afetou o desenvolvimento do inseto de forma menos pronunciada, alongando a fase larval.&60;br&62;The potato tuber moth, Phthorimaea operculella (Zeller) is today one of the most important pests in potato. The use of resistant varieties to control this insect is a interesting technique, but it is necessary more researches about it. Resistance of potato genotypes to this pest was investigated under laboratory conditions by evaluating the effect of leaves and tubers on insect biology. Potato and tomato leaves were also compared in relation to suitability of insect development. Tests were carried out with the following genotypes&58; clones NYL 235-4 and N 140-201 (both with type A glandular trichomes on leaves), cultivars Aracy, Apuã and Itararé. The tomato cultivar Santa Clara was also included. Insects were reared on leaflets and tubers of each genotype in order to evaluate larval and pupal development time, larval and pupal survival and pupal weight. Insect development was not affected by leaves of potato genotypes, even when glandular trichomes were present. However, tomato leaves increased larval development time and reduced pupal weight when compared to potato leaves. In tests with tubers, NYL 235-4 showed resistance to potato tuber moth with a reduction in larval survival and an increase in larval development time. N 140-201 tubers also increased larval development time when compared to the cultivars Aracy, Apuã and Itararé.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2001

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