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Open Access Fruit characterization of Venezuelan avocado varieties of medium oil content Caracterização de variedades venezuelanas de abacate com teor médio de óleo

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The objective of the present paper was to characterize some avocado fruit varieties to increase the information pool for this fruit. Twelve avocado varieties of medium oil content (8.09-11.12%) from a Venezuelan orchard&58; Wilson Popenoe, Figueroa 1, Waldin, Puebla, Schaff, Celia, Araira FM, Adolfo, Esencia de la Vega, Lawhon, Winslowson, and Lujo were characterized for pulp oil and moisture&59; weight (whole fruit, seed, pulp, and peel)&59; length, width, and fruit shape&59; peel characteristics (roughness, color and hand peeling)&59; and ripeness time. Differences in oil content, moisture content and fruit weight were found when compared with results reported by other authors. The variety Puebla was the lightest (107 g) and the smallest (7.90 x 4.62 cm), while Wilson Popenoe presented the highest pulp proportion (82%). Most of the varieties were ovate, with rough green peel and easy to hand peel. Peak ripeness of some varieties was at 3-12 days. Potential yields of two varieties were higher that the Venezuelan average.&60;br&62;O objetivo do presente trabalho foi caracterizar algumas variedades de abacate para aumentar o banco de informações desta fruta. Doze variedades de teor médio de óleo (8,09 - 11,12%) de um pomar da Venezuela&58; Wilson Popenoe, Figueroa 1, Waldin, Puebla, Schaff, Celia, Araira FM, Adolfo, Esencia de la Veja, Lawhon, Winslowson e Lujo, foram caracterizadas em relação à umidade e teor de óleo da polpa&59; pesos (fruta inteira, semente, polpa, casca)&59; comprimento, largura e forma da fruta&59; carcterísticas da casca (rugosidade, cor, descascamento manual)&59; tempo de maturação. Diferenças de umidade, teor de óleo e peso foram encontradas em relação a resultados de outros autores. A variedade Puebla foi a mais leve (107 g) e a menor (7,90 x 4,632 cm), enquanto a Wilson Popenoe apresentou a maior proporção de polpa (82%). A maioria das variedades é oval, com pele verde e rugosa, de descascamento manual fácil. Produtividades potenciais de duas variedades foram maiores que a média venezuelana.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2000

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