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Open Access On the Optimisation of Multi-Degree-of-Freedom Acoustic Impedances of Low-Frequency Electroacoustic Absorbers for Room Modal Equalisation

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Low-frequency electroacoustic absorbers have recently been developed as a solution for the modal equalisation. Firstly investigated in waveguides, the technique consists in matching the acoustic impedance at a closed-box loudspeaker diaphragm to the characteristic acoustic impedance of air. Extending the results in a duct to rooms brings up several challenges. Some parameters, such as the position and orientation of absorbers, the total area, as well as the acoustic impedance achieved at the diaphragms may influence the performance, especially in terms of modal decay time reduction. In this paper, the optimal values of a purely resistive acoustic impedance at an absorber diaphragm, whose area varies, are first investigated under normal incidence and grazing incidence in a finite-length waveguide. The optimal acoustic resistance values are then investigated for a given position, orientation, and total area of absorbers in rooms of different size. From these results, the target acoustic impedances with multiple degrees of freedom are defined with a view to assign to the absorber diaphragms. These impedances are then optimised from a global criterion, so that these impedances approach at best the different optimal resistance values found to minimise the modal decay times. Finally, an experimental evaluation of the performance of the electroacoustic absorber in a waveguide is provided.

© 2017 The Author(s). Published by S. Hirzel Verlag · EAA. This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) license (
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 November 2017

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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