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Self-Tuneable Velocity Feedback for Active Isolation of Random Vibrations in Subcritical Two Degree Of Freedom Systems

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It has been previously shown that skyhook damping can be used to actively reduce vibration transmission between masses in supercritical 2 degree of freedom (dof) systems. The method is based on measuring the absolute velocity of the clean body, multiplying it by a negative gain, and feeding the result back to a force actuator reacting between the clean and the dirty body. This approach results in a broadband vibration isolation. For subcritical 2 dof systems this is normally not possible due to control stability problems. These stability problems can be mitigated by including an appropriate amount of relative damping between the clean and the dirty body in addition to the absolute damping. This approach has been referred to as blended velocity feedback. In this paper the application of the blended velocity feedback on subcritical 2 dof systems is investigated using an auto-tuning controller. An algorithm is applied to gradually change the relative and absolute feedback gains until the active isolation performance reaches its best by applying an optimal combination of the two gains. There is only one such optimal combination which minimises the kinetic energy of the clean body, and consequently the performance surface has a global minimum. Furthermore there are no local minima so a trial and error algorithm could be applied. Although in the frequency domain finding the minimum of the performance surface is straightforward, in the time domain determining the mean squared velocity of the clean body can take a considerable time per step of the algorithm, such that the convergence of the trial and error algorithm can be relatively slow. It is hypothesized that more sophisticated algorithms may speed-up the convergence but this would be at cost of using a model-based approach.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2015

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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