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Time and Frequency Characteristics of Temporary Threshold Shifts Caused by Pure Tone Exposures

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The time-frequency characteristics of Temporary Threshold Shifts (TTS) caused by pure tones were determined using the Békésy audiometric method with narrow-band noise of short duration as the probe stimuli. Two experiments were done using exposures of 3 min at 100 dB above threshold. In the first experiment, the frequency dependent characteristics of TTS produced by a 500-Hz tone were assessed. Thresholds were determined from 0.25 to 2 kHz in 1/ 2-octave steps for up to 20 min after the exposure. The results showed that the maximum affected frequency was 1/ 2 octave above the exposure frequency. In the second experiment, the TTS recovery curve produced by a 1-kHz pure tone exposure was assessed at 1.5 kHz, at approximately 15 s intervals for the first 5 min and at regularly increasing intervals up to 45 min after the exposure. The results showed a maximum in the recovery around 2 min after the exposure. The data gathered in these experiments were used to construct a mathematical model of TTS recovery. The model describes both the 1/ 2-octave shift and the 2-min bounce and it can be used in the comparison of temporary changes in the auditory function, assessed at different times and frequencies.
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Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: September 1, 2011

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  • Acta Acustica united with Acustica, published together with the European Acoustics Association (EAA), is an international, peer-reviewed journal on acoustics. It publishes original articles on all subjects in the field of acoustics, such as general linear acoustics, nonlinear acoustics, macrosonics, flow acoustics, atmospheric sound, underwater sound, ultrasonics, physical acoustics, structural acoustics, noise control, active control, environmental noise, building acoustics, room acoustics, acoustic materials, acoustic signal processing, computational and numerical acoustics, hearing, audiology and psychoacoustics, speech, musical acoustics, electroacoustics, auditory quality of systems. It reports on original scientific research in acoustics and on engineering applications. The journal considers scientific papers, technical and applied papers, book reviews, short communications, doctoral thesis abstracts, etc. In irregular intervals also special issues and review articles are published.
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