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Open Access Physical Analysis of Several Organic Signals for Human Echolocation: Oral Vacuum Pulses

Active human echolocation can be an extremely useful aid for blind people. Active echolocation can be trained with both artificial and organic signals. Organic signals offer some advantages over artificial ones. Very detailed studies of organic signals in animals have been done. However, in the case of humans, the scientific literature is very scarce and not systematic. This is the first paper of a series on the properties of several suitable sounds for human echolocation. In this work, we offer a detailed analysis of these sounds, comparing their merits from a physical point of view. The results of this study have important applications to design systematic and optimized training protocols for accurate echolocation awareness.

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2009

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