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Open Access Development and validation of the Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

Postpartum depression, a common complication in childbearing women, is of great public health concern. Previous screening tools have focused on depressed mood, with less attention paid to postpartum anxiety and suicidal ideation. This study developed and validated a tool to measure postpartum depression among mothers of preterm babies. From the clinical interviews and a pilot survey (n=121) the Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale was developed. The Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale and the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale questionnaires were completed by 152 mothers who delivered preterm babies at Massey Street Children’s Hospital, Lagos. Data were analyzed with use of confirmatory factor analysis, principal component analysis, and Cronbach’s alpha at the P≤0.05 level of significance. The new scale demonstrated a reliability (α) of 0.91. Construct validity with exploratory factor analysis (Kaiser-Meyer-Olkin measure 0.70) yielded three dimensions of cognitive and emotional difficulty (α=0.92), hopelessness and suicidal ideation (α=0.93), and physiological distress (α=0.71). Confirmatory factor analysis demonstrated a good fit: 18 degrees of freedom; goodness of fit index 0.97; adjusted goodness of fit index 0.93; and root mean square error of approximation 0.04. Convergent validity was established with the Edinburgh Postnatal Depression Scale (r=0.66, P=0.00). The new screening tool was demonstrated to have meritorious validity, faster and easier to administer to the obstetric population.
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Keywords: Postpartum depression; mothers of preterm babies; obstetric population; reliability; validity

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: 01 September 2018

This article was made available online on 03 September 2018 as a Fast Track article with title: "Development and validation of the Mothers of Preterm Babies Postpartum Depression Scale".

More about this publication?
  • Family Medicine and Community Health (FMCH) is an open-access journal focusing on subjects that are common and relevant to family medicine/general practice and community health. The journal publishes relevant content across disciplines such as epidemiology, public health, social and preventive medicine, research and evidence based medicine, community health service, patient education and health promotion and health ethics. The journal has a specific focus on the management of chronic illness particularly diabetes, ischaemic heart disease, chronic heart failure, hypertension, bronchial asthma, chronic obstructive airways disease and common mental illness. FMCH is published by Compuscript http://www.compuscript.com on behalf of the Chinese General Practice Press http://www.chinagp.net.

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