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Open Access Importance of Mitochondrial-Related Genes in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Based on Bioinformatics Analysis

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

We designed this study to identify potential key protein interaction networks, genes, and correlated pathways in dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) via bioinformatics methods. We selected the GSE3586 microarray dataset, consisting of 15 dilated cardiomyopathic heart biopsy samples and 13 nonfailing heart biopsy samples. Initially, the GSE3586 dataset was downloaded and was analyzed with the limma package to identify differentially expressed genes (DEGs). A total of 172 DEGs consisting of 162 upregulated genes and ten downregulated genes in DCM were selected by the criterion of adjusted Pvalues less than 0.01 and the log2-fold change of 0.6 or greater. Gene Ontology functional enrichment analysis and Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes (KEGG) pathway analysis were performed to view the biological processes, cellular components, molecular function, and KEGG pathways of the DEGs. Next, protein-protein interactions were constructed, and the hub protein modules were identified. Then we selected the key genes DLD, UQCRC2, DLAT, SUCLA2, ATP5A1, PRDX3, FH, SDHD, and NDUFV1, which are involved in a wide range of biological activities, such as the citrate cycle, oxidation-reduction processes and cellular respiration, and energy derivation by oxidation of organic compounds in mitochondria. Finally, we found that currently there are no related gene-targeting drugs after exploring the predicted interactions between key genes and drugs, and transcription factors. In conclusion, our study provides greater understanding of the pathogenesis and underlying molecular mechanisms in DCM. This contributes to the exploration of potential gene therapy targets.

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Keywords: bioinformatics analysis; differentially expressed genes; dilated cardiomyopathy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041 Guangdong, People’s Republic of China 2: Department of Cardiology, Second Affiliated Hospital of Shantou University Medical College, Shantou, 515041 Guangdong, People’s Republic of China

Publication date: November 1, 2020

This article was made available online on September 18, 2020 as a Fast Track article with title: "Importance of Mitochondrial-Related Genes in Dilated Cardiomyopathy Based on Bioinformatics Analysis".

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  • Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) publishes focused articles and original clinical research that explore novel developments in cardiovascular disease, effective control and rehabilitation in cardiovascular disease, and promote cardiovascular innovations and applications for the betterment of public health globally. The journal publishes basic research that has clinical applicability in order to promote timely communication of the latest insights relating to coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, prevention of cardiovascular disease with a heavy emphasis on risk factor modification. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is the official journal of the Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC). It aims to continue the work of the GW-ICC by providing a global scientific communication platform for cardiologists that bridges East and West.

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