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Open Access Comparison of Clinical Value between Right Distal Radial Artery Access and Right Radial Artery Access in Patients Undergoing Coronary Angiography or Percutaneous Coronary Intervention

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

Objective: To compare the feasibility and safety between right distal radial artery access and right radial artery access in patients undergoing coronary angiography (CAG) or percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI).

Methods: On the basis of arterial access, 113 patients who underwent CAG or PCI in Kunshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine between January and October 2018 were divided into two groups: a right distal radial artery group (52 patients) and a right radial artery group (61 patients). We collected general information, the number of puncture attempts, access times, postoperative compression time, and complications.

Results: The general characteristics, rate of successful radial artery puncture, and rate of successful catheter placement in the two groups were not different. The right radial artery group had fewer puncture attempts (1.26±0.44 times vs. 2.19±0.53 times, P=0.001) and a shorter access time (3.23±0.86 min vs. 4.77±1.49 min, P=0.001) than the right distal radial artery group. However, the postoperative compression time in the right distal radial artery group was shorter (3.44±0.9 h vs. 7.16±1.21 h, P=0.001). Two cases of bleeding, four cases of hematoma, and one case of artery occlusion in the right radial artery group and one case of hematoma in the right distal artery group occurred before discharge. The rate of total complications in the right distal radial artery group was lower than in the right radial artery group (1.93% vs. 11.48%, P=0.048).

Conclusion: CAG or PCI through the right distal radial artery is feasible and safe.

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Keywords: coronary angiography; distal radial artery access; percutaneous coronary intervention; radial artery access

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Cardiology, Kunshan Hospital of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Kunshan Affiliated Hospital of Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Suzhou, Jiangsu, China

Publication date: November 1, 2020

More about this publication?
  • Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) publishes focused articles and original clinical research that explore novel developments in cardiovascular disease, effective control and rehabilitation in cardiovascular disease, and promote cardiovascular innovations and applications for the betterment of public health globally. The journal publishes basic research that has clinical applicability in order to promote timely communication of the latest insights relating to coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, prevention of cardiovascular disease with a heavy emphasis on risk factor modification. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is the official journal of the Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC). It aims to continue the work of the GW-ICC by providing a global scientific communication platform for cardiologists that bridges East and West.

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