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Open Access Chronic Effusive Pericarditis and Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

Chronic Pericarditis is inflammation that begins gradually, is long lasting and results in fluid accumulation in the pericardial space or thickening of the pericardium. The etiology is unknown but may be cancer, TB or hypothyroidism. Arrhythmias are common and seen in almost half the patients. The commonest arrhythmia is atrial fibrillation. Symptoms and signs are related to increased right atrial pressure and physical findings include elevated JVP and pericardial knock. Non surgical therapy consists mainly of no salt. Surgery cures about 85% of patients, however 5‐15% of patients will die. Chronic effusive pericarditis occurs when there is persistent restriction of the visceral pericardium after pericardiocentesis.

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Keywords: chronic constrictive pericarditis; chronic effusive pericarditis; pericarditis; surgical treatment

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: University of Florida Medical School, Gainesville, FL, USA

Publication date: July 1, 2020

This article was made available online on September 11, 2019 as a Fast Track article with title: "Chronic Effusive Pericarditis and Chronic Constrictive Pericarditis".

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  • Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) publishes focused articles and original clinical research that explore novel developments in cardiovascular disease, effective control and rehabilitation in cardiovascular disease, and promote cardiovascular innovations and applications for the betterment of public health globally. The journal publishes basic research that has clinical applicability in order to promote timely communication of the latest insights relating to coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, prevention of cardiovascular disease with a heavy emphasis on risk factor modification. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is the official journal of the Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC). It aims to continue the work of the GW-ICC by providing a global scientific communication platform for cardiologists that bridges East and West.

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