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Open Access Epidemiology, Pathophysiology, and Therapeutic Targets in Stable Ischemic Heart Disease

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC licence.

Chronic stable angina affects approximately 10 million Americans, of whom more than 50% are older than 65 years. Angina is a more common manifestation of coronary heart disease in women than in men. The growing prevalence of recurring ischemia is probably due to residual coronary artery disease after percutaneous coronary intervention or coronary artery bypass grafting. Those with angina have a high socioeconomic burden that significantly limits functional capacity and impairs quality of life, and includes the high cost of care. The presence of common comorbidities, including diabetes, is associated with poorer outcomes.
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Keywords: epidemiology; pathophysiology; stable angina

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2019

More about this publication?
  • Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications (CVIA) publishes focused articles and original clinical research that explore novel developments in cardiovascular disease, effective control and rehabilitation in cardiovascular disease, and promote cardiovascular innovations and applications for the betterment of public health globally. The journal publishes basic research that has clinical applicability in order to promote timely communication of the latest insights relating to coronary artery disease, heart failure, hypertension, cardiac arrhythmia, prevention of cardiovascular disease with a heavy emphasis on risk factor modification. Cardiovascular Innovations and Applications is the official journal of the Great Wall International Congress of Cardiology (GW-ICC). It aims to continue the work of the GW-ICC by providing a global scientific communication platform for cardiologists that bridges East and West.

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