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Effects of Paclitaxel Before Vitrification on the Nuclear Maturation and Development of Immature Porcine Oocytes

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BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of porcine oocytes is difficult compared with other species and immature oocytes particularly so compared to the meiotic stage. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy of a pretreatment with 1μ M paclitaxel (PTX, 30 min exposure) before vitrification to promote the maturation of porcine immature oocytes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cumulus cell-enclosed oocytes (COs) aspirated from porcine ovaries were divided into three groups: i) nonpretreated with PTX and non-vitrified group (control group); ii) pretreated with PTX and vitrified group (PTX-V group); and iii) non-pretreated with PTX and vitrified group (nPTX-V group). RESULTS: The nuclear maturation rate up to the preovulatory stage was significantly lower (P<0.05) in the nPTX-V group than in the control group, but was similar in the PTX-V and control groups. No significant differences were observed in viability assessed by a normal CO morphology and the embryonic development of oocytes activated by the parthenogenetic stimulation between the PTX-V and control groups, but not the non-PTX-V group. CONCLUSION: PTX may promote the maturation of vitrified porcine immature oocytes.

Keywords: PACLITAXEL; PORCINE IMMATURE OOCYTES; VITRIFICATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Animal Reproduction Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan 2: Laboratory of Animal Behavior and Environmental Management, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 889-2192, Japan 3: Sumiyoshi Livestock Station, Field Science Center, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki 880-0121, Japan

Publication date: September 1, 2023

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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