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Development and Genome Mutation of Bovine Zygotes Vitrified Before and After Genome Editing via Electroporation

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BACKGROUND: Cryopreservation of bovine zygotes allows for a flexible schedule of genome editing via electroporation. However, vitrification-induced cell membrane damage may not only affect embryonic development but also genome mutation. OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effects of vitrification of zygotes before and after electroporation treatments on the development and genome mutation of bovine presumptive zygotes. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In vitro-derived bovine zygotes were electroporated with the CRISPR/Cas9 system immediately (Vitrified-EP) or 2 h after incubation (Vitrified-2h-EP) following vitrification and warming, or electroporated before vitrification (EP-vitrified). RESULTS: The development rates of vitrified-warmed zygotes were significantly lower (p < 0.05) than those of control zygotes that were not vitrified. Moreover, no differences were observed in the mutation rates and mutation efficiency of the blastocysts resulting from electroporated zygotes, irrespective of the timing of electroporation treatment. CONCLUSION: Our results suggest that vitrification before and after electroporation treatments does not affect the genome editing of zygotes.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Vietnam National University of Agriculture, 100000 Hanoi, Vietnam 2: College of Coastal Agricultural Sciences, Guangdong Ocean University, 524088 Zhanjiang, China 3: Bio-Innovation Research Center, Tokushima University, 7793233 Tokushima, Japan

Publication date: March 1, 2023

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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