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Camptothecin: Solubility, In-Vitro Drug Release, and Effect on Human Red Blood Cells and Sperm Cold Preservation

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BACKGROUND: Camptothecin (CPT) is an anticancer drug, and is not employed in the clinic because of its high hydrophobicity and low active form stability. CPT may also have potential for use in cold preservation. OBJECTIVE : To overcome these drawbacks, CPT solubility variations in the presence of cyclodextrins (CDs) and polyethylene glycol (PEG) were evaluated by Higuchi solubility experiments. MATERIALS AND METHODS: CPT was encapsulated in different cyclodextrins and polyethylene glycol using a co-evaporation method. The CPT interactions with CDs and PEG 6000 were investigated by Fourier-transformed infrared spectroscopy (FT-IR), and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). Then, CPT complexes were evaluated for in-vitro drug release. To evaluate the potential anticancer efficacy of the CPT complexes system, in-vitro cytotoxicity studies on human red blood cells were carried out using UV assay. The impact of the CPT complex systems on sperm motility protection during cold preservation at 4°C was studied using CASA. RESULTS: The dissolution profile of these preparations shows the improvement of the dissolution of the CPT following a fickien diffusion. The CPT solubility and stability improvement were the cause of the cytotoxicity on the red blood cells test. However, CPT alone, encapsulated, dispersed, and chemically modified protected spermatozoids during cold preservation. CONCLUSION: We confirm the interest in CPT encapsulated and dispersed in anticancer treatments. We also found that CPT encapsulated or dispersed could protect sperm against oxidative damage and improve the membrane integrity of human sperm. Consequently, CPT encapsulated our dispersed could eventually be beneficial for infertility therapy.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Technology Pharmaceutical Laboratory, Department of Processes Engineering, Faculty of Technology, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria 2: Associated Laboratory in Marine Ecosystems and Aquaculture, Faculty of Nature and Life Sciences, Université de Bejaia, 06000 Bejaia, Algeria 3: Technology Pharmaceutical and Bio pharmaceutics Laboratory, UFR Medicine and Pharmacy, Rouen University, 22 Blvd. Gambetta, 76183, Rouen, France

Publication date: March 1, 2023

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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