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Open Access Systemic and Local Hypothermia in the Context of Cell Regeneration

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This article is Open Access under the terms of the Creative Commons CC BY-NC-ND licence.

Local and systemic cooling is an inducer of cell proliferation. Cell proliferation and transdifferentiation or stem cells differentiation involves microenvironment regulation such as temperature. Mild hypothermia downregulates the production of pro-inflammatory cytokines and reduces the immune response against pathogens. In addition, mild tissue cooling improves endothelial cell function. Endothelial cells are involved in angiogenesis during regeneration strategies; therefore, their death is catastrophic and affects regeneration, but not cell proliferation. The potential mechanism underlying the effects of local or systemic hypothermia on cell regeneration has not yet been elucidated. Hypothermia reduces the production of reactive oxygen species and organelle activity. Hypothermia therapeutic effects depends on the targeted organ, exposure duration, and hypothermia degree. Therefore, determining these factors may enhance the usage of hypothermia more effectively in regenerative medicine. The paper introduces the hypothermia role in paracrine/endocrine cell secretion, reception, and the immune state after local and systemic hypothermia application.


Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: National Research Mordovia State University, Bolshevitskaya, Saransk, Mordovia Republic

Publication date: March 1, 2022

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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