BACKGROUND: The membrane and acrosomal integrity of sperm play a vital role in fertilization process; however they are compromised upon cryopreservation. OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of cholesterol-loaded cyclodextrin (CLC) on membrane and acrosome status of Hariana
bull sperm during cryopreservation. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Semen samples collected from Hariana bulls with mass motility ≥ 3+ and individual progressive motility ≥ 70% were utilized in the study. Each ejaculate was split into two parts, one part being evaluated freshly for various
seminal attributes and the other part being diluted in Tris diluent (without egg yolk and glycerol) to obtain a final concentration of 120×106 sperm/mL. The diluted semen was divided into four treatments: Group I, without CLC (control); Group II, with CLC at 0.5 mg per 120
million sperm; Group III, at 1.0 mg per 120 million sperm; Group IV, at 2.0 mg per 120 million sperm. All aliquots were incubated for 15 min at 37°C and each sample was diluted with Egg yolk-Tris-Glycerol (EYTG) extender up to 80×106 sperm/mL. The diluted semen samples
were packed in French mini straws (0.25 mL), sealed and equilibrated at 4°C for 4 h followed by cryopreservation. The samples at pre-freeze and post-thaw stage were evaluated for membrane and acrosomal integrity, as well as primary, secondary and tertiary acrosomal damages. RESULTS:
The membrane and acrosomal integrity was significantly higher in group II as compared to groups I, III, and IV, at pre-freeze and post-thaw stage (P<0.05). The primary and secondary acrosomal damage were significantly reduced in group II compared to other groups (P<0.05).
No significant difference in tertiary acrosomal damage was found among different groups. CONCLUSION: CLC improves the membrane and acrosomal integrity, and reduces primary and secondary acrosomal damages during cryopreservation of Hariana bull sperm.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: November 1, 2018
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.