BACKGROUND: In the vitrification of embryos, dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO) is one of the most effective cryoprotectant agents (CPAs), but cytotoxic effects of DMSO on embryos are well known. Carboxylated poly-L-lysine (CPLL) has been identified as an effective cryoprotectant of cultured
cell lines and mammalian oocytes. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the efficacy and safety of CPLL as a CPA for developmental stage embryos. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Mouse 8-cell embryos and blastocysts were vitrified with ethylene glycol (EG), DMSO/EG, or CPLL/EG and the developmental potency
assessed in vitro. RESULTS: In 8-cell embryos, there were no differences between the levels of survival and developmental progress into the blastocyst stage in each solution. At the blastocyst stage, the proportion of dead cells was significantly higher in the EG compared with other
solutions. In contrast, there were no differences between the DMSO/EG and CPLL/EG. CONCLUSION: These results indicate that CPLL can be used as a replacement for DMSO in the vitrification of mouse embryos.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2017
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CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation
The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.