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Free Content Cryopreservation of Arachis species by vitrification of in vitro-grown shoot apices and genetic stability of recovered plants

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A storage protocol at cryogenic temperature was established for shoot apices from in vitro plants of the cultivated groundnut (Arachis hypogaea) and wild Arachis species (A. retusa and A. burchellii) using a basic vitrification protocol with direct immersion in liquid nitrogen (LN). The effect of pre-treatments of donor-plants with ABA as well as of different supplements in the post-thaw culture medium was studied. After rapid warming at 40°C, the explants were cultured on MS medium devoid of growth regulators (MS0) or MS supplemented with 4.4M benzylaminopurine (BAP) and 0.5M naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) plus 5M silver nitrate (AgNO3), 0.25% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP) or 0.2% activated charcoal. Non-frozen explants from the three species formed one shoot through meristematic amplification when cultured on MS0 medium. These explants also developed callus on MS supplemented with growth regulators (4.4M BAP and 0.5M NAA) alone or plus PVP or AgNO3. Callus formation was suppressed in the presence of activated charcoal. Post-thaw regeneration ocurred only through indirect organogenesis on media containing AgNO3 or PVP. Preculturing on medium supplemented with abscisic acid (ABA) improved regrowth rate in these media. Recovery failed to occur in the presence of activated charcoal. The genetic stability of shoots of A. burchellii originated from shoot apices was analyzed through Random Amplified Polymorphic DNA (RAPD) markers.

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Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Laboratório de Micropropagação e Transformação de Plantas, Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro, Brazil

Publication date: March 1, 2003

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  • CryoLetters is a bimonthly international journal for low temperature sciences, including cryobiology, cryopreservation or vitrification of cells and tissues, chemical and physical aspects of freezing and drying, and studies involving ecology of cold environments, and cold adaptation

    The journal publishes original research reports, authoritative reviews, technical developments and commissioned book reviews of studies of the effects produced by low temperatures on a wide variety of scientific and technical processes, or those involving low temperature techniques in the investigation of physical, chemical, biological and ecological problems.

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