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More Than a Trip: The Contribution of Tourism to Regional Poverty Reduction

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Tourism has become a vital socioeconomic activity in Colombia, and provincial tourist destinations and events have contributed to the reduction of poverty levels since the implementation of the Millennium Development Goals. We assess the dynamic linkages between Colombia’s tourism and various economic sectors for poverty reduction at the provincial level using a novel binary probit model. A longitudinal dataset is employed by utilizing generalized estimation equations for 24 provinces over the period 2002 to 2016. Tourism’s effects on poverty and extreme poverty are modeled with several contributing factors, including the level of provincial development along with several economic sectors and tourism’s value-added impacts. Findings show that increases in the value added of tourism lead to significant reductions in both poverty and extreme poverty at the provincial level. Also, growth in the value added of the tourism sector leads to reductions in poverty and extreme poverty gaps between economically lagging and leading provinces. Results for other sectors emphasize the importance of manufacturing and other services sectors for poverty reduction. These results provide important policy implications for stimulating tourism’s value added to reduce the monetary poverty gap between lagging and leading provinces.

Keywords: ECONOMICALLY LAGGING-ECONOMICALLY LEADING REGIONS; GENERALIZED ESTIMATING EQUATIONS; POVERTY REDUCTION; PROBIT MODEL; TOURISM

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Economics, Universidad Externado de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia 2: School of Economics and Finance, Massey University, Palmerston North, New Zealand

Publication date: March 5, 2024

This article was made available online on October 11, 2023 as a Fast Track article with title: "MORE THAN A TRIP: THE CONTRIBUTION OF TOURISM TO REGIONAL POVERTY REDUCTION".

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  • Established in 1996, Tourism Analysis is an interdisciplinary journal that provides a platform for exchanging ideas and research in tourism and related fields. The journal aims to publish articles that explore a broad range of research subjects, including, but not limited to, the social, economic, cultural, environmental, and psychological aspects of tourism, consumer behavior in tourism, sustainable and responsible tourism, and effective operations, marketing, and management.

    Tourism Analysis focuses on both theoretical and applied research and strives to promote innovative approaches to understanding the complex and dynamic nature of tourism, its stakeholders, businesses, and its effects on society. The journal welcomes articles on innovative research topics and methodologies beyond the traditional theory-testing sciences, such as robotics, computational sciences, and data analytics.

    Our primary goal is to contribute to the development and advancement of new knowledge in tourism while fostering critical reflections and debates on the radical changes and evolution in tourism among scholars, practitioners, policymakers, and other stakeholders.
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