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ATF3, a Hub of the Cellular Adaptive-Response Network, in the Pathogenesis of Diseases: Is Modulation of Inflammation a Unifying Component?

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Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3) gene encodes a member of the ATF family of transcription factors and is induced by various stress signals. All members of this family share the basic region-leucine zipper (bZip) DNA binding motif and bind to the consensus sequence TGACGTCA in vitro. Previous reviews and an Internet source have covered the following topics: the nomenclature of ATF proteins, the history of their discovery, the potential interplays between ATFs and other bZip proteins, ATF3-interacting proteins, ATF3 target genes, and the emerging roles of ATF3 in cancer and immunity (see footnote 1). In this review, we present evidence and clues that prompted us to put forth the idea that ATF3 functions as a “hub” of the cellular adaptive-response network. We will then focus on the roles of ATF3 in modulating inflammatory response. Inflammation is increasingly recognized to play an important role for the development of many diseases. Putting this in the context of the hub idea, we propose that modulation of inflammation by ATF3 is a unifying theme for the potential involvement of ATF3 in various diseases.
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Keywords: Activating transcription factor 3 (ATF3); Adaptive-response network; Inflammatory response

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, USA

Publication date: 01 January 2010

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  • Gene Expression, The Journal of Liver Research will publish articles in all aspects of hepatology. Hepatology, as a research discipline, has seen unprecedented growth especially in the cellular and molecular mechanisms of hepatic health and disease, which continues to have a major impact on understanding liver development, stem cells, carcinogenesis, tissue engineering, injury, repair, regeneration, immunology, metabolism, fibrosis, and transplantation. Continued research and improved understanding in these areas will have a meaningful impact on liver disease prevention, diagnosis, and treatment. The existing journal Gene Expression has expanded its focus to become Gene Expression, The Journal of Liver Research to meet this growing demand. In its revised and expanded scope, the journal will publish high-impact original articles, reviews, short but complete articles, and special articles (editorials, commentaries, opinions) on all aspects of hepatology, making it a unique and invaluable resource for readers interested in this field. The expanded team, led by an Editor-in-Chief who is uniquely qualified and a renowned expert, along with a dynamic and functional editorial board, is determined to make this a premier journal in the field of hepatology.
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