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Why Festivals Fail

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Exploratory research was conducted with festival management professionals to determine the incidence and causes of festival failure. Although the small sample does not permit generalization, results clearly reveal that festival crises and failures are common, and a number of likely sources of failure are identified: the weather; lack of corporate sponsorship; overreliance on one source of money; inadequate marketing or promotion; and lack of advance or strategic planning. A number of theoretical frameworks are examined that can help explain festival failure and shape further research, including resource dependency, Porter's framework for assessing competitive advantages, population ecology, and the product life cycle.
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Keywords: Festival failure; Management; Resource dependency;

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Tourism and Hospitality Management, Faculty of Management, University of Calgary, Canada

Publication date: January 1, 2002

More about this publication?
  • Event Management, an International Journal, intends to meet the research and analytic needs of a rapidly growing profession focused on events. This field has developed in size and impact globally to become a major business with numerous dedicated facilities, and a large-scale generator of tourism. The field encompasses meetings, conventions, festivals, expositions, sport and other special events. Event management is also of considerable importance to government agencies and not-for-profit organizations in a pursuit of a variety of goals, including fund-raising, the fostering of causes, and community development.
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