21 female patients suffering from chronic tension headache received 10 sessions of upper body massage consisting of deep tissue techniques in addition to softer techniques in the beginning. When found, trigger points were carefully and forcefully massaged. The range of cervical movements,
surface ENMG on mm. frontalis and trapezius, visual analogue scale (VAS) and Finnish Pain Questionnaire (FPQ), and the incidence of neck pain during a two week period before and after the treatment, and at 3 and 6 months during the follow-up period together with Beck depression inventory were
taken for evaluation and follow-up. The range of movement in all directions increased, and FPQ, VAS and the number of days with neck pain decreased significantly. There was a significant change in ENMG on the frontalis muscle whereas changes in trapezius remained insignificant. Beck inventory
showed an improvement after the treatment. This study confirmed clinical and physiological effects of massage.
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Document Type: Research Article
Dept. of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Kuopio University Central Hospital, Kuopio, Finland
Department of Physical Medicin and Rehabilitation, Kuopio University Central Hospital, Kupopio, Finland
Kankaanpää Rehabilitation Center, SF-38700 Kankaanpää, Finland
January 1, 1990