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This is a preliminary report of the research in acupuncture conducted at the Rehabilitation Medicine Service of St. Luke’s Hospital Center. In a controlled study, classical accepted-site acupuncture, off-site acupuncture, and conventional physical therapy were compared. Patients who were randomly assigned to these treatment conditions had chronic back or neck pain with objective findings. Improvement was evaluated by a rheumatologist, who was unaware of the type of treatment the patient received; by the treating physician; and by range of motion tests. The patients also participated in a battery of psychiatric and psychological tests including hypnotic susceptibility. Some preliminary findings of interest are: acupuncture was superior to conventional physical therapy; accepted-site acupuncture and off-site acupuncture did not differ significantly, and the score on the Hamilton Psychiatric Rating Scale for Depression accurately predicted the results of acupuncture therapy.
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Keywords: Acupuncture; Hamilton depression scale; Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory; accepted-site acupuncture; chronic arthritic pain; off-site acupuncture; pain; physical therapy; range of motion tests; “neurotic triad"; “psychosomatic V"

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 1978

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