Regulation of the cardioprotective adiponectin and its receptor AdipoR1 by salt
Both circulating adiponectin (APN) and cardiac APN exert cardioprotective effects and improve insulin sensitivity and mitochondrial function. Low circulating APN serves as a biomarker for cardiovascular risk. Ablation of adiponectin receptor 1 (AdipoR1) causes myocardial mitochondrial dysfunction. Although high salt intake is a contributor to cardiovascular disease, how it modulates the expression of APN or AdipoR1 in cardiomyocytes is not known. We report that APN mRNA expression was attenuated in a dose-dependent manner in mouse cardiomyocyte cell line HL-1 exposed to salt concentrations ranging from 0.75% to 1.5% for 12 h. High-salt exposure (0.88% and 1.25% for 12 h) also suppressed APN and AdipoR1 protein expression significantly in rat cardiac muscle H9c2 cells. Co-immunostaining for AdipoR1 and mitochondrial complex 1 indicated that AdipoR1 may be co-localized with mitochondria. These data show for the first time that high salt is an important suppressor of cardiovascular protective APN and AdipoR1.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2017
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