Temperature-dependent inotropic and lusitropic indices based on half-logistic time constants for four segmental phases in isovolumic left ventricular pressure–time curve in excised, cross-circulated canine heart
Varying temperature affects cardiac systolic and diastolic function and the left ventricular (LV) pressure–time curve (PTC) waveform that includes information about LV inotropism and lusitropism. Our proposed half-logistic (h-L) time constants obtained by fitting using h-L functions for four segmental phases (Phases I–IV) in the isovolumic LV PTC are more useful indices for estimating LV inotropism and lusitropism during contraction and relaxation periods than the mono-exponential (m-E) time constants at normal temperature. In this study, we investigated whether the superiority of the goodness of h-L fits remained even at hypothermia and hyperthermia. Phases I–IV in the isovolumic LV PTCs in eight excised, cross-circulated canine hearts at 33, 36, and 38 °C were analyzed using h-L and m-E functions and the least-squares method. The h-L and m-E time constants for Phases I–IV significantly shortened with increasing temperature. Curve fitting using h-L functions was significantly better than that using m-E functions for Phases I–IV at all temperatures. Therefore, the superiority of the goodness of h-L fit vs. m-E fit remained at all temperatures. As LV inotropic and lusitropic indices, temperature-dependent h-L time constants could be more useful than m-E time constants for Phases I–IV.
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Document Type: Research Article
Publication date: January 1, 2017
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