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Anti-apoptotic effects of myocardin-related transcription factor-A on rat cardiomyocytes following hypoxia-induced injury

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Myocardin-related transcription factor-A (MRTF-A) can transduce both biomechanical and humoral signals, which can positively modulate cardiac damage induced by acute myocardial infarction. However, the molecular mechanism that underlies the contribution that MRTF-A provides to the myocardium is not completely understood. The objective of this study was to investigate the effects of MRTF-A on myocardium apoptosis and its mechanisms. Our experiment results showed that MRTF-A expression increased and Bcl-2 expression reduced during myocardial ischemia–reperfusion in rat. Meanwhile, primary cardiomyocytes were pretreated with wild-type MRTF-A or siRNA of MRTF-A before exposure to hypoxia. We found that overexpression of MRTF-A in myocardial cells inhibited apoptosis and the release of cytochrome c. MRTF-A enhanced Bcl-2, which contributes to MRTF-A interaction with Bcl-2 in the nuclei of cardiomyocytes. MRTF-A upregulation expression of Bcl-2 in cardiomyocytes induced by hypoxia was inhibited by PD98059, an ERK1/2 inhibitor. In conclusions, MRTF-A improved myocardial cell survival in a cardiomyocyte model of hypoxia-induced injury; this effect was correlated with the upregulation of anti-apoptotic gene Bcl-2 through the activation of ERK1/2.
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Keywords: Bcl02; Blc-2; ERK pathway; MRTF-A; apoptose du myocarde; dommage par hypoxie; facteur de transcription; hypoxia injury; ischemia–reperfusion; ischémie-reperfusion; myocardial apoptosis; sentier ERK; transcription factor

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2016

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