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5′-AMP-activated protein kinase increases glucose uptake independent of GLUT4 translocation in cardiac myocytes

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Glucose uptake and glycolysis are increased in the heart during ischemia, and this metabolic alteration constitutes an important contributing factor towards ischemic injury. Therefore, it is important to understand glucose uptake regulation in the ischemic heart. There are primarily 2 glucose transporters controlling glucose uptake into cardiac myocytes: GLUT1 and GLUT4. In the non-ischemic heart, insulin stimulates GLUT4 translocation to the sarcolemmal membrane, while both GLUT1 and GLUT4 translocation can occur following AMPK stimulation. Using a newly developed technique involving [3H]2-deoxyglucose, we measured glucose uptake in H9c2 ventricular myoblasts, and demonstrated that while insulin has no detectable effect on glucose uptake, phenformin-induced AMPK activation increases glucose uptake 2.5-fold. Furthermore, insulin treatment produced no discernible effect on either Akt serine 473 phosphorylation or AMPKα threonine 172 phosphorylation, while treatment with phenformin results in an increase in AMPKα threonine 172 phosphorylation, and a decrease in Akt serine 473 phosphorylation. Visualization of a dsRed-GLUT4 fusion construct in H9c2 cells by laser confocal microscopy showed that unlike insulin, AMPK activation did not redistribute GLUT4 to the sarcolemmal membrane, suggesting that AMPK may regulate glucose uptake via another glucose transporter. These studies suggest that AMPK is a major regulator of glucose uptake in cardiac myocytes.
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Keywords: 2-deoxyglucose; 2-déoxyglucose; AMPK; GLUT4; captation de glucose; cardiac myocyte; glucose uptake; glycolyse; glycolysis; metabolism; myocytes cardiaques; métabolisme

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Cardiovascular Research Centre, Mazankowski Alberta Heart Institute, University of Alberta, 8440 112 Street NW, Edmonton, AB T6G 2P4, Canada. 2: Lunenfeld-Tanenbaum Research Institute, Mount Sinai Hospital, Joseph and Wolf Lebovic Health Complex, 600 University Avenue, Toronto, ON M5G 1X5, Canada.

Publication date: January 1, 2014

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