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Effects of resveratrol on the amelioration of insulin resistance in KKAy mice

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Resveratrol (Res) has attracted great interest regarding its effects related to metabolic syndrome, especially for lipid metabolic disorder or insulin resistance; however, the underlying mechanisms remain elusive. To explore the effects of Res on insulin sensitivity and the underlying mechanism, insulin-resistant KKAy mice were treated with 2 and 4 g/kg diets of Res for 12 weeks. After the treatment, blood glucose, serum insulin, glucose tolerance, and insulin tolerance, as well as other indices such as adiponectin mRNA in epididymal adipose tissues, silent information regulator 1 (Sirt1), AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK), insulin receptor substrate 1 (IRS1), and phosphorylated protein kinase B (PKB/AKT) proteins in liver and soleus muscles, were investigated. The results indicate that Res intervention reduces blood glucose and serum insulin levels, improves insulin and glucose tolerance, increases serum adiponectin and adiponectin mRNA levels in epididymal adipose tissues, and more importantly, elevates Sirt1, p-AMPK, p-IRS1, and p-AKT levels in liver and soleus muscles. In conclusion, Res could improve insulin sensitivity and ameliorate insulin resistance in KKAy mice, which may be associated with the upregulation of Sirt1 protein in liver and soleus muscles and consequent AMPK activation, as well as insulin-signaling related proteins.
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Keywords: AKT; AMPK; IRS1; Sirt1; insulin resistance; resveratrol; resvératrol; résistance à l’insuline

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Guangzhou Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R. China. 2: Department of Clinical Laboratory, The First Affiliated Hospital Huangpu Division, Sun Yat-Sen University, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R. China. 3: Guangdong Provincial Key Laboratory of Food, Nutrition and Health, Guangzhou, Guangdong, P.R. China.

Publication date: February 20, 2012

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