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Cytoskeletal control of nuclear morphology and stiffness are required for OPN-induced bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cell migration

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During cell migration, the movement of the nucleus must be coordinated with the cytoskeletal dynamics that influence the efficiency of cell migration. Our previous study demonstrated that osteopontin (OPN) significantly promotes the migration of bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs). However, the mechanism that regulates nuclear mechanics of the cytoskeleton during OPN-promoted BMSC migration remains unclear. In this study, we investigated how the actin cytoskeleton influences nuclear mechanics in BMSCs. We assessed the morphology and mechanics of the nuclei in the OPN-treated BMSCs subjected to disruption or polymerization of the actin cytoskeleton. We found that disruption of actin organization by cytochalasin D (Cyto D) resulted in a decrease in the nuclear projected area and nuclear stiffness. Stabilizing the actin assembly with jasplakinolide (JASP) resulted in an increase in the nuclear projected area and nuclear stiffness. SUN1 (Sad-1/UNC-84 1) is a component of the LINC (linker of nucleoskeleton and cytoskeleton) complex involved in the connections between the nucleus and the cytoskeleton. We found that SUN1 depletion by RNAi decreased the nuclear stiffness and OPN-promoted BMSC migration. Thus, the F-actin cytoskeleton plays an important role in determining the morphology and mechanical properties of the nucleus. We suggest that the cytoskeletal–nuclear interconnectivity through SUN1 proteins plays an important role in OPN-promoted BMSC migration.
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Keywords: LINC complex; bone-marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs); cellules souches mésenchymateuses dérivées de la moelle osseuse (CSM-MO); complexe LINC; migration; mécanique nucléaire; nuclear mechanics; osteopontin

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Key Laboratory of Biorheological Science and Technology, Ministry of Education, College of Bioengineering, Chongqing University, Chongqing 400044, People’s Republic of China.

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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