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Carboxypeptidase E-ΔN promotes migration, invasiveness, and epithelial–mesenchymal transition of human osteosarcoma cells via the Wnt–β-catenin pathway

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Osteosarcoma (OS) is the most common malignant bone tumor in children and adolescents, and metastatic OS is the major cause of OS-related death. Carboxypeptidase E (CPE) is known to be highly expressed in some cancer types, and its N-terminal truncated form, CPE-ΔN, is implicated in tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. In this study, we investigated the effect of CPE-ΔN on cell migration, invasiveness, and the epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) of OS cells, and illustrated the molecular mechanisms. We first constructed CPE-ΔN overexpressing human OS cell lines (143B and U2OS cells), and found that ectopic CPE-ΔN expression in OS cells enhanced cell migration and invasiveness, and promoted the EMT process. Further, overexpression of CPE-ΔN increased the levels of c-myc and nuclear β-catenin in OS cells, which suggested the CPE-ΔN promotes activation of the Wnt–β-catenin pathway in OS cells. Treatment with β-catenin small interfering RNA (siRNA) inhibited the migration and invasiveness of CPE-ΔN-overexpressing cells, and reduced the expression of E-cadherin. Together, these results suggest that CPE-ΔN promotes migration, invasiveness, and the EMT of OS cells via the Wnt–β-catenin signaling pathway.
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Keywords: carboxypeptidase E; epithelial–mesenchymal transition; metastasis; métastase; osteosarcoma; ostéosarcome; transition épithélio-mésenchymateuse; β-catenin; β-caténine

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Department of Orthopedic Surgery, The First Affiliated Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang 110001, P. R. China.

Publication date: January 1, 2019

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