The purpose of this study was to investigate changes in oxidative stress, arterial oxygen saturation (SaO2), blood pressure (BP), and heart rate (HR) during exercise in hypobaric hypoxia following acute dietary nitrate supplementation. Nine well-trained (maximal oxygen consumption,
60.8 ± 7.8 mL·kg−1·min−1) males (age, 29 ± 7 years) visited the laboratory on 3 occasions, each separated by 1 week. Visit 1 included a maximal aerobic cycling test and five 5-min increasing-intensity exercise bouts in a normobaric
environment (1600 m). A single dose of either a nitrate-depleted placebo (PL) or a nitrate-rich beverage (NR; 12.8 mmol nitrate) was consumed 2.5 h prior to exercise during visits 2 and 3 (3500 m) in a double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover study consisting of a 5-min cycling warm-up
and 4 bouts, each 5 min in duration, separated by 4-min periods of passive rest. Exercise wattages were determined during visit 1 and corresponded to 25%, 40%, 50%, 60%, and 70% of normobaric maximal oxygen consumption. Catalase and 8-isoprostane were measured before and after exercise (immediately
before and 1 h postexercise, respectively). NR increased plasma nitrite (1.53 ± 0.83 μmol·L−1) compared with PL (0.88 ± 0.56 μmol·L−1) (p < 0.05). In both conditions, postexercise (3500 m) 8-isoprostane (PL, 23.49
± 3.38 to 60.90 ± 14.95 pg·mL−1; NR, 23.23 ± 4.12 to 52.11 ± 19.76 pg·mL−1) and catalase (PL, 63.89 ± 25.69 to 128.15 ± 41.80 mmol·min−1·mL−1; NR, 78.89
± 30.95 to 109.96 ± 35.05 mmol·min−1·mL−1) were elevated compared with baseline resting values (p < 0.05). However, both 8-isoprostane and catalase were similar in the 2 groups (PL and NR) (p = 0.217 and p
= 0.080, respectively). We concluded that an acute, pre-exercise dose of dietary nitrate yielded no beneficial changes in oxidative stress, SaO2, BP, or HR in healthy, aerobically fit men exercising at 3500 m.
No Reference information available - sign in for access.
No Citation information available - sign in for access.
No Supplementary Data.
No Article Media
jus de betterave;
Document Type: Research Article
Department of Exercise Science, High Point University, High Point, NC 27268, USA.
Department of Health, Exercise and Sports Sciences, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131, USA.
January 1, 2018
More about this publication?