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The voiced linguolabial plosive in Kajoko

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In this paper we present video and acoustic documentation of a voiced linguolabial plosive in Kajoko (Guinea-Bissau), in which the front part of the tongue blade makes contact with the inner surface of the upper lip. The sound functions as a labial in Kajoko, contrary to the Articulator Model's prediction that it should be classified as a coronal. It replaces /b/ in the consonant system, and it contrasts with the other labial phonemes and /d/. Sound correspondences with /b/ in Bubaque demonstrate that the linguolabial plosive derived historically from *b. In addition, Crioulo /b/ is borrowed into Kajoko as the linguolabial plosive.
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Keywords: Atlantic; Bijago; Niger-Congo; historical linguistics; language documentation; linguolabials; phonetics; phonology

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2009

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  • This publication consists of the proceedings of the main session and any parasessions from the annual meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society.
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