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Dynamics of gender in agroforestry management and its impact on household income: a case study in Bendosari, Pujon, Malang, Indonesia

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This study analyses the participation of women and men and the impact of agroforestry on farmers' income in Bendosari Village, Indonesia. The role of women was studied specifically in agroforestry management through an in-depth interview method that was applied to 97 agroforestry farmers. Women's participation tends to be low in enterprises that are considered as men's domain but the results showed that agroforestry has significant potential to benefit women. The contribution of agroforestry shows that variable x (type of agroforestry, selling price of marketed products, amount of fertilizer, and production cost expenditure) has a correlation to variable y (household income). Based on the allocation of labour time, men contribute more than women. Decision-making in determining the types of crops other than staple crops, post-production activities and financial management is done jointly by husbands and wives, while decision-making in family finances is decided by wives alone.

Keywords: AGROFORESTRY; CONTRIBUTION; FARMERS; GENDER; PARTICIPATION

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Muhammadiyah Malang University, Jl Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Malang, Indonesia 2: Pujon Hill Forest Education Unit UMM, Jl. Brigjend Abd Manan No.517, Malang, Indonesia 3: Khairun University, Jl. Jusuf Abdurahman Kotak Pos 53, Ternate, Maluku utara, Indonesia 4: Muhammadiyah Malang University, Jl Raya Tlogomas No. 246 Malang, Indonesia; Pujon Hill Forest Education Unit UMM, Jl. Brigjend Abd Manan No.517, Malang, Indonesia

Publication date: December 1, 2023

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