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Canine pyoderma gangrenosum: a case series of two dogs

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Background

Pyoderma gangrenosum (PG) is a rare disease, which, to the best of the authors' knowledge, has been the subject of only one case report in the peer‐reviewed veterinary literature.
Hypothesis/Objectives

To describe the history, clinical signs, diagnostic findings and treatment outcome in two cases of canine PG.
Animals

Two client‐owned dogs presented to a private veterinary referral practice between 2008 and 2010 who received a diagnosis of PG by specialist veterinary dermatologists.
Methods

Medical records were analysed to retrieve relevant information.
Results

Both dogs were treated with prednisolone; this was combined with ciclosporin in case 1 and azathioprine in case 2. Case 2 had a more complete response of lesions to treatment and a longer survival time after diagnosis (763 days) than case 1 (81 days).
Conclusions and clinical importance

Pyoderma gangrenosum is a rare disease distinguished by rapid progression of painful, necrolytic, cutaneous ulcers with irregular, violaceous undermined borders. Azathioprine with glucocorticoids may lead to a better outcome than ciclosporin and glucocorticoids (currently the first‐line treatment in humans and the only reported treatment in dogs).
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Language: French

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: October 1, 2013

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