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Efficacy of itraconazole as a combined continuous/pulse therapy in feline dermatophytosis: preliminary results in nine cases

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Abstract

This study evaluated the efficacy of itraconazole as a combined continuous/pulse therapy for feline dermatophytosis. Nine cats with dermatophytosis caused by Microsporum canis were treated with itraconazole at 10 mg kg−1 orally once daily for 28 days and then on an alternate week regimen (1 week off, 1 week on) at the same dosage. Cats were re-evaluated by physical examination and fungal culture at days 28, 42, 56 and 70 if necessary. Treatment was stopped when two consecutive negative fungal cultures were obtained. Eight cats were cured after 56 days, with two negative cultures obtained at days 28 and 42. In one case, a positive culture was obtained at day 28, but negative cultures were achieved at days 42 and 56. This protocol appears to be effective in the treatment of feline dermatophytosis, although these preliminary results should be confirmed by a controlled study.
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Keywords: cat; dermatophytosis; itraconazole; pulse therapy

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Istituto di Patologia Speciale e Clinica Medica Veterinaria – Facolta’ di Medicina Veterinaria, Universita’ degli Studi di Milano, Via Celoria 10, I-20100 Milan, Italy 2: Ambulatorio Veterinario Associato, Corso Traiano 99/D, I-10135 Torino, Italy

Publication date: December 1, 2001

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