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Evaluation of an enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) for the serological diagnosis of sarcoptic mange in dogs

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Canine scabies is a challenging disease to diagnose because sarcoptic mites are hard to find on skin scrapings. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a serologic enzyme-linked immunosorbant assay (ELISA) as an aid in the diagnosis of canine scabies. In addition, serum samples were obtained post treatment to determine the duration and persistence of circulating scabies antibodies after resolution of natural infection. Nineteen dogs diagnosed with sarcoptic mange and 38 control dogs were tested. Sixteen scabies-infested dogs showed positive pretreatment ELISA results (84.2% sensitivity). Thirty-four control dogs showed negative ELISA results (89.5% specificity). In the 11 scabies dogs from which multiple post treatment serum samples were obtained, detectable antibodies were not present 1¬†month after treatment in four cases, but were present for 1–4.5¬†months post treatment in seven dogs. Our results suggest that this scabies ELISA test is useful in the diagnosis of canine scabies.
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Keywords: ELISA; Sarcoptes scabiei; dog; scabies; serodiagnosis

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: University of Georgia, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of Small Animal Medicine, Athens, GA 30602, USA 2: University of Tennessee, College of Veterinary Medicine, Department of. Small Animal Clinical Sciences, Knoxville, TN 37901-1071, USA 3: Labor Laupeneck/imovet bg, Laupenstrasse 33, CH-3008 Bern, Switzerland

Publication date: December 1, 2001

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