Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Loss‐of‐function of ASPARTIC PEPTIDASE NODULE‐INDUCED 1 (APN1) in Lotus japonicus restricts efficient nitrogen‐fixing symbiosis with specific Mesorhizobium loti strains

Download Article:

You have access to the full text article on a website external to Ingenta Connect.

Please click here to view this article on Wiley Online Library.

You may be required to register and activate access on Wiley Online Library before you can obtain the full text. If you have any queries please visit Wiley Online Library

The nitrogen‐fixing symbiosis of legumes and Rhizobium bacteria is established by complex interactions between the two symbiotic partners. Legume Fix mutants form apparently normal nodules with endosymbiotic rhizobia but fail to induce rhizobial nitrogen fixation. These mutants are useful for identifying the legume genes involved in the interactions essential for symbiotic nitrogen fixation. We describe here a Fix mutant of Lotus japonicus, apn1, which showed a very specific symbiotic phenotype. It formed ineffective nodules when inoculated with the Mesorhizobium loti strain TONO. In these nodules, infected cells disintegrated and successively became necrotic, indicating premature senescence typical of Fix mutants. However, it formed effective nodules when inoculated with the M. loti strain MAFF303099. Among nine different M. loti strains tested, four formed ineffective nodules and five formed effective nodules on apn1 roots. The identified causal gene, ASPARTIC PEPTIDASE NODULE‐INDUCED 1 (LjAPN1), encodes a nepenthesin‐type aspartic peptidase. The well characterized Arabidopsis aspartic peptidase CDR1 could complement the strain‐specific Fix phenotype of apn1. LjAPN1 is a typical late nodulin; its gene expression was exclusively induced during nodule development. LjAPN1 was most abundantly expressed in the infected cells in the nodules. Our findings indicate that LjAPN1 is required for the development and persistence of functional (nitrogen‐fixing) symbiosis in a rhizobial strain‐dependent manner, and thus determines compatibility between M. loti and L. japonicus at the level of nitrogen fixation.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Lotus japonicus; aspartic peptidase; late nodulin; nodule; restriction of symbionts; rhizobia–legume symbiosis

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: January 1, 2018

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more