Porphobilinogen deaminase HEMC interacts with the PPR‐protein AtECB2 for chloroplast RNA editing
The pentatricopeptide repeat‐DYW protein AtECB2 affects plastid RNA editing at seven sites, including accD‐794, accD‐1568, ndhF‐290, ndhG‐50, petL‐5, rpoA‐200 and rpoC1‐488. To understand the mechanism of its involvement in RNA editing, a transgenic line was constructed with AtECB2 fused to a 4xMYC tag that could complement the atecb2 phenotype. RNA immunoprecipitation analysis indicated that AtECB2 is associated with the transcripts of accD, ndhF, ndhG and petL. Co‐immunoprecipitation and mass spectrometry experiments showed that multiple organelle RNA editing factor 2 (MORF2) and porphobilinogen deaminase HEMC are associated with AtECB2. Biochemical analysis showed that AtECB2 directly interacts with HEMC through its E domain, while HEMC interacts with MORF8/RIP1. Deletion analysis showed that the E domain is essential for RNA editing. The hemc‐1 mutant showed an albino and seedling‐lethal phenotype. Of the seven editing sites affected in atecb2, the editing of accD‐794 and ndhF‐290 was also reduced in hemc‐1. RNA immunoprecipitation analysis suggested that HEMC is associated with the editing sites of ndhF transcripts. These results showed that both HEMC and multiple organellar RNA editing factor (MORF) proteins are associated with AtECB2 for RNA editing in plastids.
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