Wounding of Arabidopsis leaves induces indole‐3‐carbinol‐dependent autophagy in roots of Arabidopsis thaliana
In cruciferous plants insect attack or physical damage induce the synthesis of the glucosinolate breakdown product indole‐3‐carbinol, which plays a key role in the defense against attackers. Indole‐3‐carbinol also affects plant growth and development, acting as an auxin antagonist by binding to the TIR1 auxin receptor. Other potential functions of indole‐3‐carbinol and the underlying mechanisms in plant biology are unknown. Here we show that an indole‐3‐carbinol‐dependent signal induces specific autophagy in root cells. Leaf treatment with exogenous indole‐3‐carbinol or leaf‐wounding induced autophagy and inhibited auxin response in the root. This induction is lost in glucosinolate‐defective mutants, indicating that the effect of indole‐3‐carbinol is transported in the plants. Thus, indole‐3‐carbinol is not only a defensive metabolite that repels insects, but is also involved in long‐distance communication regulating growth and development in plants.
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