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Free Content The glycan substrate of the cytosolic (Pho 2) phosphorylase isozyme from Pisum sativum L.: identification, linkage analysis and subcellular localization

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Summary

The subcellular distribution of starch-related enzymes and the phenotype of Arabidopsis mutants defective in starch degradation suggest that the plastidial starch turnover is linked to a cytosolic glycan metabolism. In this communication, a soluble heteroglycan (SHG) from leaves of Pisum sativum L. has been studied. Major constituents of the SHG are galactose, arabinose and glucose. For subcellular location, the SHG was prepared from isolated protoplasts and chloroplasts. On a chlorophyll basis, protoplasts and chloroplasts yielded approximately 70% and less than 5%, respectively, of the amount of the leaf-derived SHG preparation. Thus, most of SHG resides inside the cell but outside the chloroplast. SHG is soluble and not membrane-associated. Using membrane filtration, the SHG was separated into a <10 kDa and a >10 kDa fraction. The latter was resolved into two subfractions (I and II) by field-flow fractionation. In the protoplast-derived >10 kDa SHG preparation the subfraction I was by far the most dominant compound. β-Glucosyl Yariv reagent was reactive with subfraction II, but not with subfraction I. In in vitro assays the latter acted as glucosyl acceptor for the cytosolic (Pho 2) phosphorylase but not for rabbit muscle phosphorylase. Glycosidic linkage analyses of subfractions I and II and of the Yariv reagent reactive glycans revealed that all three glycans contain a high percentage of arabinogalactan-like linkages. However, SHG possesses a higher content of minor compounds, namely glucosyl, mannosyl, rhamnosyl and fucosyl residues. Based on glycosyl residues and glycosidic linkages, subfraction I possesses a more complex structure than subfraction II.
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Keywords: Pisum sativum; cytosol; heteroglycan; maltose metabolism; phosphorylase; polysaccharide metabolism

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1: Department of Plant Physiology, Institute of Biochemistry and Biology, University of Potsdam, Karl-Liebknecht-Str. 24-25, Building 20, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany 2: Max-Planck-Institute of Molecular Plant Physiology, Am M├╝hlenberg 1, D-14476 Potsdam-Golm, Germany

Publication date: September 1, 2004

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