Skip to main content
padlock icon - secure page this page is secure

Free Content Evidence for the presence and activity of a complete antioxidant defence system in mature sieve tubes

Download Article:

The phloem is the major route for the transport of solutes and nutrients from source to sink organs in plants. The functional transport phloem consists of parenchymal tissue, enucleate sieve elements, and the intimately connected companion cells. The general absence of a nucleus and functional ribosomes in sieve tubes poses problems especially for damage avoidance and repair of sieve element components. To examine how sieve tubes can remain functional during oxidative stress, we analysed phloem sap of cucumber and pumpkin plants with respect to the presence of antioxidant defence enzymes, their enzymatic activity, and activity changes after exposure to drought stress. Using 1D SDS-PAGE and nano ESI MS/MS, the presence of proteins such as cytosolic Cu/Zn superoxide dismutase, monodehydroascorbate reductase, and peroxidase could be shown. Moreover, activities for several antioxidant enzymes (superoxide dismutase, dehydroascorbate reductase, peroxidase) in phloem exudate could be demonstrated. The activity of these enzymes in phloem sap from cucumber and pumpkin plants increased in response to drought stress. The presented results together with earlier findings provide evidence supporting the presence of a complete machinery of antioxidant defence enzymes and detoxifying metabolites important for avoiding damage to essential components of the sieve elements due to oxidative stress.
No References
No Citations
No Supplementary Data
No Article Media
No Metrics

Keywords: Cucurbita; antioxidant defence; drought stress; mass spectrometry; phloem protein; sieve element

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: Max-Planck-Institut für Molekulare Pflanzenphysiologie, Department Willmitzer, Am Mühlenberg 1, 14476 Golm, Germany

Publication date: July 1, 2002

  • Access Key
  • Free content
  • Partial Free content
  • New content
  • Open access content
  • Partial Open access content
  • Subscribed content
  • Partial Subscribed content
  • Free trial content
Cookie Policy
Cookie Policy
Ingenta Connect website makes use of cookies so as to keep track of data that you have filled in. I am Happy with this Find out more