Emission of nitrous oxide (N2O) from transgenic tobacco expressing antisense NiR mRNA
The emission of N2 and N2O from intact transgenic tobacco (clone 271) expressing antisense nitrite reductase (NiR) mRNA, and wild-type plants grown aseptically, on NO3–, NO2– or NH4+ -containing medium was investigated. 15N contents of gas sampled from gas-sealed pots, in which the plants were grown on 15N-containing medium, were analyzed by gas chromato- graphy and mass spectrometry (GC–MS). No emission of N2 was detected in either of the gas samples from plant clone 271 or the wild-type grown on NO3–-containing medium. N2O emission from clone 271 grown on NO3–-containing medium was detected, but not from the wild-type plants. The N2O emission rate of clone 271 was 106 ng N2O mg–1 incorporated N week–1 and the N2O emission was inhibited by tungstate (a nitrate reductase inhibitor). No emission of N2O was found from clone 271 or wild-type plants grown on medium containing NH4+. Emission of N2O also was detected from clone 271 grown on NO2–-containing medium and its emission rate increased with increasing NO2– levels in plants. We speculate that NO3– is reduced to NO2– and that a part of NO2– is metabolized to N2O in clone 271.
Document Type: Short Communication
Affiliations: 1: Department of Mathematical and Life Science, Graduate School of Science, Hiroshima University, Kagamiyama 1-3-1, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8526 Japan, and 2: Laboratoire de Biologie Cellulaire, INRA, Center de Versailles, Route de St Cyr, 78026 Versailles Cedex, France
Publication date: July 1, 1999