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Free Content A partially assembled complex I in NAD4-deficient mitochondria of maize

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The proton-translocating NADH:ubiquinone oxidoreductase (respiratory complex I) consists of at least 32 subunits in higher plants, nine of which are mitochondrially encoded (NAD 1–7, NAD4L, NAD9). Complex I (CI) has been analyzed from a mitochondrial mutant of maize, NCS2, that carries a deletion for the 3′ end of thenad4gene. Mitochondria from highly defective, near-homoplasmic mutant plants have only trace amounts of the normal complex I. Instead, a reduced amount of a smaller complex, which also exhibits NADH dehydrogenase activity, is detected on ‘blue-native’ polyacrylamide gels. Subunits of 76 kDa, 40 kDa and 55 kDa, as well as NAD7 and NAD9, have been identified in the subcomplex by their cross-reactivity with heterologous antisera. The corresponding subunits inNeurosporaare localized in a ‘peripheral arm’ of CI, which is known to assemble independently of a ‘membrane arm’. The maize NCS2 CI subcomplex is loosely bound to the membrane and is missing several subunits that could be membrane components. Thus, the mutant CI subcomplex may consist of a peripheral arm. A reduction in the steady-state levels of NAD7 and NAD9 in NCS2 mitochondria occurs despite normal rates of biosynthesis and there is a concomitant decrease of the nuclear encoded 76 kDa subunit. The reduction in CI-associated NADH dehydrogenase activity in thenad4-deficient NCS2 mutant mitochondria is not associated with a compensatory increase in the activities or amounts of the putative ‘exogenous’ NAD(P)H dehydrogenases that are found in plant mitochondria.
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Document Type: Original Article

Affiliations: Division of Biological Sciences, Tucker Hall, University of Missouri, Columbia, MO 65211, USA

Publication date: March 1, 1999

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