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Free Content Seroprevalence of HTLV‐1 and HTLV‐2 amongst mothers and children in Malawi within the context of a systematic review and meta‐analysis of HTLV seroprevalence in Africa

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Human T‐lymphotropic virus (HTLV)‐1 causes T‐cell leukaemia and myelopathy. Together with HTLV‐2, it is endemic in some African nations. Seroprevalence data from Malawi are scarce, with no reports on associated disease incidence. HTLV seroprevalence and type were tested in 418 healthy mothers from Malawi. In addition, we tested the sera of 534 children to investigate mother‐to‐child transmission. To provide context, we conducted a systematic review and meta‐analysis of HTLV seroprevalence in African women and children.
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Keywords: Africa; Afrique; HTLV; HTLV‐1; HTLV‐2; Human T‐lymphotropic virus; MTCT; Malawi; TME; femmes en bonne santé; healthy women; meta análisis; meta‐analysis; mother‐to‐child transmission; mujeres sanas; méta‐analyse; prevalence; prevalencia; prevención de la transmisión madre‐hijo; prévalence; revisión sistemática; revue systématique; seroprevalence; seroprevalencia; systematic review; séroprévalence; transmisión madre‐hijo; transmission mère‐enfant; virus T‐lymphotropique humain; virus linfotrópico humano de células T; África

Document Type: Research Article

Publication date: March 1, 2016

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