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Free Content Frequency of antibodies to Toxocara in Cuban schoolchildren

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Objective  The aim of the study was to determine the frequency of antibodies to Toxocara in Cuban schoolchildren.

Methods  The frequency of antibodies to Toxocara canis was assessed with a commercial enzyme‐linked immunosorbent assays kit in school‐aged children from two municipalities of Cuba. Univariate analysis and a multivariable logistic regression analysis adjusted for age, sex, municipality and co‐infection with helminth and/or protozoa were conducted.

Results  The percentage of children with antibodies to Toxocara was 38.8% (392/1011; 95% CI = 36.8–42.8). Antibody positivity was significantly associated with gender and co‐infections with intestinal parasites, but not with age or municipality.

Conclusion  Cuban children are highly exposed to the Toxocara parasite, corresponding well with reported environmental contamination with Toxocara parasite eggs and T. canis prevalences in dogs in Cuba. Relevant policy makers and the Cuban population need to be better informed about this preventable infection.
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Language: English

Document Type: Research Article

Affiliations: 1:  Institute of Tropical Medicine Pedro Kourí, Havana, Cuba 2:  Institute of Tropical Medicine, Antwerp, Belgium 3:  National Institute of Hygiene, Epidemiology and Microbiology, Havana, Cuba

Publication date: June 1, 2012

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