Comparing federal and state healthcare provider performance in villages targeted by the conditional cash transfer programme of Mexico
Objective This study investigates household out‐of‐pocket healthcare expenditures (OPH) and preventive care utilization (PHU) to compare federal and state healthcare provider performance in villages targeted by conditional cash transfer (CCT) programmes in poor rural areas of Mexico.
Methods Lower OPH and higher PHU are indicative of better performance in the study setting. Log‐linear and probit regression models were used to compare outcomes in households from treatment and control villages reached by federal and state healthcare providers. In treatment villages, eligible households receive cash grants from the CCT programme. In control villages, eligible households do not receive cash grants from the CCT programme at the time of the survey.
Results Families who live in treatment villages reported lower OPH (−52.5% for federal and −46.2% for state clinics) and higher PHU (21% for federal and 20% for state clinics) regardless of clinic setting. As the reduction in OPH is higher in areas reached by the federal clinics, it implies better performance from this healthcare delivery system. Additionally, federal clinic outcomes were also more homogeneous because OPH are not significantly different between treatment and control villages. Alternative measures such as drug and physician expenditures, diabetes and hypertension tests and nutritional‐supplement receipt confirmed these findings.
Conclusions Mexico has two healthcare delivery systems that cater to identical rural populations. The better‐funded and more centralized federal system is more effective at providing health care in poor rural villages of Mexico regardless of CCT participation. State clinics in villages targeted by the CCT programme, however, perform significantly better.
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Document Type: Research Article
Affiliations: Department of Health Services, Universiy of California, Los Angeles, CA, USA
Publication date: October 1, 2011